Early Childhood Learning & Parental Involvement
Providing a high-quality education for children before they turn five yields significant medium- and long-term benefits for students.
Children in early childhood education programs are:
- less likely to repeat a grade
- less likely to be identified as having special needs
- more prepared academically for later grades
- more likely to graduate from high school
- higher earners in the workforce.
Some of a child’s most important cognitive development happens during their preschool years. By taking an active role in the early childhood education process, parents can help ensure that their child has all the support they need to develop to their full potential. Parent involvement helps extend teaching outside the classroom, creates a more positive experience for children and helps children perform better when they are in school.
Non Classroom Experiences & Activities
Quality non-classroom learning experiences have the capacity to raise achievement across a range of subjects and to develop better personal and social skills.
When these experiences are well planned, safely managed and personalize to meet the needs of every child they can:
• Improve academic achievement.
• Provide a bridge to higher order learning.
• Develop skills and independence in a widening range of environments.
• Make learning more engaging and relevant to young people.
• Develop active citizens and stewards of the environment.
• Nurture creativity.
• Provide opportunities for informal learning through play.
• Reduce behavior problems and improve attendance.
• Stimulate, inspire and improve motivation.
• Develop the ability to deal with uncertainty.
• Provide challenge and the opportunity to take acceptable levels of risk.
• Improve young people’s attitudes
Juvenile justice programs can counter what has been referred to as the School to Prison Pipeline
Over half of black young men who attend urban high schools do not earn a diploma. These dropouts face a 70 percent likelihood of going to prison. Far too often, students of color have been pushed out of school and into the juvenile justice system. For those students, it isn’t just an interruption in learning, although it’s definitely that as well—if they aren’t in school, they aren’t learning. A suspension can be life altering. It is the number-one predictor— more than poverty—of whether children will drop out of school, and walk down a road that includes greater likelihood of unemployment, reliance on social-welfare programs, and imprisonment.
However, the juvenile justice process operates according to the premise that youth are fundamentally different from adults, both in terms of level of responsibility and potential for rehabilitation. The primary goals of the juvenile justice system, in addition to maintaining public safety, are skill development, habilitation, rehabilitation, addressing treatment needs, and successful reintegration of youth into the community.
Although the high school graduation rate is at an all-time high at 80 percent, less than half of those can read proficiently or complete math problems. Among our children of color, the economically disadvantaged and those with limited English proficiency the numbers are significantly worse.
Academic support refers to a wide variety of instructional methods, educational services, or school resources provided to students in the effort to help them accelerate their learning progress, catch up with their peers, meet learning standards, or generally succeed in school.
In practice, academic support encompasses a broad array of educational strategies, including tutoring sessions, supplemental courses, summer learning experiences, after-school programs, teacher advisors, and volunteer mentors, as well as alternative ways of grouping, counseling, and instructing students.
Academic support may be provided to individual students, specific student populations (such as non-English speakers or disabled students), or all students in a school.
College and Career Access and Support
These programs significantly increase the likelihood that students from low-income high schools will enroll in post-secondary education and complete a credential or degree leading to better employment opportunities and higher incomes.
Expanding access to college benefits individuals and the nation as a whole. The economic returns to a postsecondary degree are at their highest level in decades, even as more students are attending college, and workers with postsecondary degrees will continue to play a crucial role in the nation’s economic growth. Expanding access can also ensure that our system of higher education offers opportunities to students who have historically been underrepresented in postsecondary institutions, including those from low-income families and the state’s Latino and African American populations.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, have a tremendous impact on future violence victimization and perpetration, and lifelong health and opportunity. Much of the foundational research in this area has been referred to as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) These potentially traumatic events that can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being. These experiences range from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse to parental divorce or the incarceration of a parent or guardian.
Adverse Childhood Experiences have been linked to
- risky health behaviors,
- chronic health conditions,
- low life potential, and
- early death.
As the number of ACEs increases, so does the risk for these outcomes.
The wide-ranging health and social consequences of ACEs underscore the importance of preventing them before they happen. Reducing the number of ACEs can have a positive impact on a broad range of health problems and on the development of skills that will help children reach their full potential.